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The steps are many as there are several ways to garden, but these are the basics you need to know to get started.
Would you like to eat fresh vegetables every day, without pesticides and without having to pay a high price for organic products? So the solution is to make your own garden, even if you live in an apartment. Check out these tips to learn what you need to know to get started.
1. Basic material
To plant your seeds in a garden or pot, which allows you to garden even in an apartment, you will need the following materials, which you can find in agricultural stores or flower shops:
-Earthworm humus (or other good fertilizer, such as cattle manure, bone meal, and castor cake);
-Building sand (new and clean to make the earth lighter);
-Vases with a hole underneath (or pots that you have at home);
-Gravel (crushed stone) or expanded clay;
-Seeds of good quality and within the expiration date.
2. Site preparation
With the materials you saw above, it is time to make the mixture that will result in a good soil for planting and for the seedlings to grow strong:
1 measure of soil + 1 measure of fertilizer + ½ measure of sand
Put this mixture in a vase or even in ice cream jars that you already have at home. Drill holes under the pot so that irrigation water can drain away and not pool. If you leave accumulated water in the soil, the roots of the plants will rot.
3. Seed germination
If you plan to start a garden using seeds, you need to germinate them in small pots before placing them in a larger pot. They can be yogurt, coffee or egg carton jars, for example. If you want, you can buy seedlings.
In each pot, put the previously made soil mixture. Fill almost to the brim, but leave 1-2 fingers.
Make small holes in the surface of the earth, very shallow, and place some seeds. The amount will depend on what you are planting. Place a little soil on the seeds, without squeezing.
Then irrigate with a sprinkler to keep the soil compacted. The soil needs to be light so that the seedlings can sprout.
Place this vase in a corner where it will not fall and no one will move. You can catch the weaker morning sun as it is still a sensitive little seed, like a baby.
Keep the soil moist, watering a little each day, and wait until it sprouts and the first leaves appear.
Depending on the type of plant you are planting, if it is going to grow too large, you must transplant it into a larger pot, or it will not grow.
Then you will take the same soil mixture and place it in a larger pot, which will keep your plant when it is adult.
If desired, to make the soil more drained, place a layer of gravel or expanded clay at the bottom of the pot, and then mix the soil with sand and fertilizer on top.
Make a hole in the center and plant your seedlings, removing them from the previous pot, with the soil and everything.
Then cover with more soil and water. Keep the soil moist and leave the plant in the sun for a few hours a day until harvest time, which varies from plant to plant.
Watch the video for more tips and important details for your home garden to be successful:
Article in Portuguese