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Rosa rugosa, cultivation and care: how to grow rugosa rose, the best varieties. Instructions on pruning, hedging and diseases.
They are named for the appearance of the leaves which have wrinkle-like veins. The flowers ofwrinkled rosesthey bloom between May and September but i rose gardensthey remain beautiful even after flowering when the berries (rosehips) appear. Some species have foliage of impressive beauty, as is the case withCalocarpa pinkwhich can boast leaves of various colors: from yellow to red, from purple to green.
Thewrinkled rosesthey can easily be multiplied by stolons.
Thewrinkled rosesthey can be grown for ornamental purposes, for the preparation of a denseseparatory hedge, for herbal or food purposes: the berries, seeded and combined with the petals, are suitable for the preparation of jams and jellies. Sometimes thewrinkled roses(especially hybrid varieties) can be grown to consolidate landslides, ditches and slopes because they have numerous roots.
Thewrinkled rosesthey are appreciated for their intense perfume.
Hedge with wrinkled rose
The semi-wild forms ofwrinkled rosethey are perfect for growing colorful and impenetrable hedges with vigorous shrubs. While it is true that thehedgesofwrinkled rosethey are difficult to climb over or penetrate, on the other hand it is also true that thepruningthey are difficult. Therewrinkled roseit can give life to dense hedges no higher than 110 cm.
Rosa rugosa, cultivation
How the implant is made
Planting takes place as a rulebare root.
When to start cultivation
The best time to startgrow wrinkled rosesfalls in between the months of February and March. The ideal period depends on the climatic trend: in mountainous areas and with a harsh climate, planting is delayed for a month.
The needs of soil
They do not have particular requirements in terms of soil quality and pH. They manage to thrive in normal garden soil, albeit slightly limestone, mildly loamy or sandy. They can withstand periods of heat and drought, the only condition is that the soil must be well drained because the root system can easily rot in the presence of water stagnation.
When to prune wrinkled rose
Therepruningit can be the sore point, especially if the rose bush is grown as a hedge and the roses are arranged in two different rows to form a very dense separation element.
In any case, thepruning of the wrinkled roseit should be performed at the end of winter, between mid-February and mid-March, also in this case it is postponed for a month in the high mountains and in areas with a harsh climate. Pruning can be done until the first leaves appear.
How to prune the wrinkled rose
Therepruninginvolves the elimination of at least half of the branch, always cutting above a healthy bud facing the outside of the bush.
Therepruning of wrinkled rosesit is necessary to make the rosebush grow; in this way the stems swell with leaves and produce other lateral stems. If you don't dopruningpunctual, the plants would end up producing only long and straight stems, with leaves and flowers only in the apical part.
The fertilization of the wrinkled rose
The fertilizations can take place annually. We recommend the use of a specific fertilizer for roses such as the One Essence fertilizer offered on Amazon at a price of 9 euros including shipping costs. It is an organic fertilizer, of vegetable origin, respectful of the environment and the life of the subsoil. With a 300 gram pack it is possible to produce 100 liters of water for the fertigation of roses.
Treatments and diseases of wrinkled roses
They are not easily prone to infestations, we are talking about very hardy hardy varieties. Unlike other roses, they are only rarely affected by fungal diseases such as white sickness or ticking (manifested by black spots on the leaves of roses). As a precaution, it is possible to perform two preventive interventions in May and September with a cupric product such as Bordeaux mixture.