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How to compost: a guide on the production ofDIY compost, 100% natural garden fertilizer that is prepared from organic matter.
Thecompost, also saidtopsoilorcomposedis easily obtainable through an aerobic and controlled biological process, biostabilization, a practice better known ascomposting.
Starting from plant residues (food waste, foliage, material produced with lawn mowing, woody or green residues from pruning ...) and animal residues (manure, sewage ...) it is possible to prepareDIY compost thanks to the activity of bacteria and fungi that process the transformation of wet and dry waste, into the soil conditioner calledtopsoil.
To prepare a goodDIY compostyou will need onecomposter.
Therecomposter, also calledcomposter, is a plastic or metal container with an upper opening designed to accommodate all the organic waste to be transformed intocompost.
Typically, thecomposterthat we find on the market are equipped with an upper opening (to insert the scraps) and a side opening, a sort of gate that allows you to take themature compostor to control the decomposition process.
By dosing well moist and dry organic matter, thecomposterit does not produce bad smells, it is suitable for small gardens and the most attentive people can also use it in the home environment such as on the terrace or on the balcony.
On the market there are a large number of models with a capacity ranging from 80 to 900 liters.
To guide your choice, ask yourself how muchDIY compostyou want to produce and how many organic waste you have available.
For a family of 4 who intend to prepare compost only with kitchen waste, one will sufficecomposterfrom 300 liters. If, in addition to kitchen waste, you also add those from the garden, you will have to opt for acomposterof at least 400 liters, or, if you have enough space, it will be better to buy two 200-liter composters that are easier to manage and less prone to producing bad smells.
Composter, prices and models
On Amzon, excellent models can be bought for 40 euros and free shipping. There is no shortage of cheaper models. Before purchasing, make your evaluations.
How to compost
Essential element for the production ofcompostdo-it-yourselfis the composter.
How to compost? All the material must be loaded into the composter making sure to maintain a certain balance between wet organic waste (fruit and vegetable waste, food scraps ...) and dry organic waste (leaves, twigs ...).
During the production of compost, the organic matter must be periodically mixed to prevent it from becoming too compact, giving life to atopsoilof poor quality. Compost must be stirred often to allow for good air circulation.
How many times does it need to be mixed? At least 3 times in the first two months (in the start-up phase) by moving the compost mass with a pitchfork.
How long does it take to prepare compost?
The times of formation of thecompostthey range from a minimum of 2 - 4 months to a maximum of 12 months.
Do-it-yourself compost ripening times
How to make fresh compost
Fresh compost ripens in 2 - 4 months. It is called "fresh" because the biological transformation is not yet fully completed. It is generally used to fertilize the garden in autumn or winter, following sowing or transplanting. The recommended dosage is 2 - 3 kg per square meter.
How to make stable compost
Compost yesstabilizesafter 5 - 7 months. Thecompostisreadywhen biological activity no longer produces heat. This type of compost can be used when digging to prepare the seedbed or soil for transplanting. About ten kg of stable compost must be used per square meter of land.
How to make well-ripened compost
To prepare thetopsoil proper, you will have to wait 8 - 12 months. Themature compostit contains fewer nutrients but is undoubtedly the most stable form, perfect for coming into direct contact with the roots. Mature compost can be used as potting soil for pot plants mixed with universal soil: 70% compost and 30% universal soil forcultivation of acidophilic plants while a 4: 6 ratio (40% compost and 60% universal soil) is perfect for any plant.