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Collect and store the seeds of vegetablesin the right way allows us to have perfect vegetables next year. Timeliness is essential, harvesting the seeds ahead of time means they are unlikely to have a good yield. In this regard we will illustrate you how to collect and store seeds, following some very useful indications.
How to collect vegetable seeds
To harvest the seeds perfectly, some conditions are necessary:
We observe the garden in the growth and production phase so that we can select the best plants; those which produce the most beautiful fruits and which have best resisted bad weather and disease.
The ripening of the seed
When collecting the seeds, make sure that they have reached maturity: the flower must be dry or the fruit ripe. Only when the fruit is fully ripe or the flower is dry will the seed have accumulated enough nutrients to support germination.
The time of harvest
The best time of the day to harvest the seeds is 10 am; by this time the dew has evaporated.
PLEASE NOTE: each plant must be treated differently. Here are some examples of the most cultivated vegetables.
Each seed is different from above, some look like petals, others like twigs, others even dead worms. It is therefore necessary to have clear ideas and carefully check the shape of the seeds of the plants that will be collected.
For further information, I recommend reading the article "How to collect vegetable seeds"
How to store lettuce seeds
Lettuce seeds are self-pollinated. Since the female part of the plant is very close to the male one, a slight breath of air will be enough to make the pollen fall on the receptive stigma. In this case, the seeds will produce the same plants they are derived from.
At the time of flowering of the seedlings, those that have a long phase of leaf production and slowness in going to seed must be selected. As the seedlings grow and mature, the stems must be collected promptly to prevent the seeds from falling to the ground
At this point, the stems will be left to dry and once dry, it will be sufficient to shake them to obtain the seeds. They will then have to stay in the sun for a couple of days, taking care to cover them at night to prevent the formation of mold.
Finally, the seeds are placed in a hermetically sealed glass container and placed in the dark in a cool and dry place.
How to store tomato seeds
The first recommendation is to select seeds from plants with early fruiting and good foliar density; the seeds must be collected when ripe and in the phase in which they are becoming soft.
After selecting the tomatoes from which to take the seeds, cut them in half and squeeze them into a jar, then adding water to cover the pulp and seeds. Place the jar outside and wait a few days in order to: the time necessary for the formation of mold on the surface. At this point, open the jar, remove the mold and recover only the seeds that have settled on the bottom.
Pass through the sieve to remove any gelatinous residues and then arrange them on a plate to facilitate drying. When they are perfectly dry, you can place the seeds in bags in a container and store in a cool and dry place.
How to store vegetable seeds, useful recommendations
- To keep the seeds well after the summer, it is essential that the containers are perfectly dry and sterile. They will then need to be labeled and stored in a cool and very dry environment. With the right conditions, seeds can last for several years.
- After the drying phase, make sure the seeds don't have any other plant debris next to them. Some experts recommend freezing the seeds for 3 days to destroy any bacterial growth.