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Dental plaque: what it is, how to remove it and what are the most effective remedies. Expert advice on correct oral hygiene, cavity prevention and gingivitis treatment.
Perhaps you will be shocked to know that up to 500 million species of microorganisms live in your mouth! Some of these are essential for the health of the oral cavity while others, if not opposed, can lead to the formation of gingivitis, caries, halitosis and periodontal diseases.
How teeth are made
Before talking about thedental plaque, let's take a closer look at our teeth. The part of the teeth we see is the crown, but the teeth are so much more than that! Have you ever wondered what material our teeth are made of? In this paragraph I will try to explain, in short, the composition of the teeth in order to better understand how to cure them.
The teeth perform different functions: they allow us to chew, swallow, speak and… for many of us they perform an important aesthetic function.
How many teeth do we have?
A mouth with complete dentition has 28 or 32 teeth depending on whether or not the so-called ones are presentwisdom teeth (technically known asthird molars). In particular, our mouth is equipped with 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars and 8 molars. The molars become 12 in the case of wisdom teeth.
How are the teeth made?
The visible part of the tooth is calledCrownand it is composed of a coating layer very dear to us, the enamel. The glaze goes to wrap a layer ofdentinwhich is the main structure of the tooth: it contains the pulp of the tooth and is separated from the root by a layer ofconcrete.
The crown is supported by a complex structure calledperiodontium. The root represents the submerged part of the tooth, is coated with cement and composed of dentin. The root is fixed to our skeleton through the alveolar bone. The alveolar bone firmly welcomes the tooth through the periodontal bond: a close connection between the root and the alveolar bone.
The alveolar bone is covered by the mucosa we commonly callgum. The gum covers the alvelar bone and encloses part of the tooth. It performs an important anchoring and defense function by protecting the root from harmful bacteria.
Tartar and dental plaque, causes
Theredental plaqueit is an accumulation of microorganisms suspended in an adhesive organic matrix. This adhesive matrix is produced by the metabolic activity of the same bacteria. Many question thecauseswhich generate theplate,well ... the causes are many but one thing is certain: if the organic matrix were sensitive to salivary enzymes we would not have problems withbacterial plaque!
Thereplateit is not removed by the natural cleansing action of our saliva, nor by the movements of the tongue .... I've told you about severalcauseswhy thedental plaque formationit is independent of the introduction of food into the oral cavity. In the introduction, I mentioned that up to 500 million species of different microorganisms can coexist in our mouth, unfortunately those that causedental plaquethey are usually present in our mouth.
There cause which sees an excessive deposit ofdental plaqueit is to be connected to food residues: food residues, especially sugars, provide bacteria with nutrients that favor their accumulation and deposit on the teeth.
Thereplatenot removed for several days it begins to precipitate and solidify… that's how theplateit turns intotartar. Tartar can only be completely removed by cleaning the teeth by your trusted dentist. For more information on tartar:how to get rid of tartar.
Dental plaque, remedies
Despite theplatemay be completelydeleted, it is good to specify that within a few minutes theplateit tends to reform itself.
Even if you have brushed your teeth perfectly using a brush, dental floss and mouthwash ... millions of bacteria will be present on your teeth after just one hour. So what to do to remove the plaque?
The only effective remedy for treating teeth and removing the plate consists in constancy. Consistency is not enough on its own, you need to practice proper oral hygiene because theplateit tends to settle in the most difficult to reach areas.
Where does plaque form?
Plaque tends to form in the spaces between the teeth (interproximal surfaces) and in this context the use of dental floss is essential. If you still don't, learn how to floss! You can use my guide for thishow to use dental floss.
Plaque accumulates in the gingival sulcus (the point of contact between the gums and the tooth), giving rise to gum bleeding, hypersensitivity of the mucous membranes, burning, swollen gums ... In this context I recommend reading the article dedicated toInflamed gums. In the article dedicated to inflamed gums you will find all the tips to prevent plaque formation: from mouthwashes most suitable for the use of anti-tartar toothpastes.
Dental plaque tends to accumulate on occlusal surfaces ... that's why the first teeth to decay are usually the molars (back teeth). For solutions to the plaque problem, I refer you to the articleDental caries, natural remedies.
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