Cultivating Jerusalem artichoke, the guide

Cultivating Jerusalem artichoke, the guide

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Grow Jerusalem artichoke: instructions on the conservation and cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke in pots or in the ground. From planting to harvest. Price, flowering and recipes.

Thetopnamburit is also calledGerman turnip.In our country, theGerman turnipgrows spontaneously and is cultivated both for the beautifulfloweringyellow, both for the edible rhizome with a pleasant taste.

German turnip or Jerusalem artichoke, plant

ThereGerman turnip, botanically known asHelianthus tuberosus, is a plant of American origin widely diffused in Europe and in Italy, where it spreads spontaneously on the banks of streams, rivers or in less arid soils.

Thisplant is appreciated for herflowering: has yellow flowers that develop on thin and slender stems. The stems can be up to 3 meters high. The very showy flowers can reach a diameter of about 10 cm. Thereflowering of Jerusalem artichokeit is highly appreciated both for its size and for the shape of the flowers: it recalls yellow-flowered daisies.

In the kitchen, dellaGerman turnipit affects the rhizome or the tuberous part which represents the edible portion of the plant. It can be eaten both raw and cooked. The rhizome develops from 3 to 5 cm, has a cylindrical shape and is gnarled.

Jerusalem artichoke, cultivation in pot

Grow the Jerusalem artichoke in potsit is not a very recommended practice if aimed at harvestingfleshy rhizomes. The rhizomes are the edible part of this plant and need a lot of space for development. For this reason, if you likegrow Jerusalem artichoke in potsyou will need very deep, large diameter containers. To get an idea of ​​the size of the pot, read the specifics for growing Jerusalem artichokes in the garden (distance between plants, planting depth ...). TheJerusalem artichokegrown in pots will need more frequent watering while the otherscareremain unchanged compared to cultivation in the garden.

Grow Jerusalem artichoke or German turnip

The cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke is easy and affordable for everyone, indeed, the plant is so resistant that if grown in the garden it risks becoming a weed!

After the first planting, it will be difficult to get rid of the presence of theJerusalem artichoke in the garden. The reason? The plant develops tubers very deep in the soil (that's why the cultivation in pots can only be performed in deep sacks or boxes) which can spontaneously sprout and re-propose annually, cultivation after cultivation.

For this reason, forcultivate Jerusalem artichoke in the vegetable garden, choose a very peripheral area and, at the time ofcollected, dig very deep to try to collect all the rhizomes.

Collect the Jerusalem artichoke

For the harvest, dig at a depth of at least 20 cm: in reality, the larger the aerial part of the plant, the deeper and more large the tubers will be.

Planting of Jerusalem artichoke

In our case, iJerusalem artichoke seedsthey are nothing more than portions of rhizome which contain shoots. You can get the sprouts from the tubers you buy at home or collect the real seeds from the flowers but this agronomic practice is not recommended.

For planting:

  • choose an area on the edge of the garden, even where the sun is not persistent because the plant thrives well even in partial shade.
  • Bury the tubers at a depth of 10 - 15 cm with the shoots facing upwards.
  • The plants must be at least 50 cm apart.

When to grow the German turnip

The best period for planting coincides with the end of winter. You canplant the Jerusalem artichokefrom mid-February until May to harvest at the beginning of the following winter.

Topinambur, where to buy it to cook or grow it

This tuber can be purchased in the most well-stocked supermarkets or by taking advantage of online purchases. On Amazon, there is no shortage of chips, Jerusalem artichoke powder, in jars and in many other food forms. For all information, please visitthis Amazon page.

Jerusalem artichoke, conservation

Jerusalem artichoke is not very popular on supermarket shelves because it has a rather short shelf life. Unlike potatoes, the tuber ofJerusalem artichokeit doesn't keep for long! From harvest, the tuber can only be stored for 8 - 10 days, preferably in the refrigerator.

For the recipes, see the page: Jerusalem artichoke recipes.
For the properties of this rhizome, the article is available: Jerusalem artichoke, properties.

Video: How to Grow Jerusalem Artichokes Sunchokes! (August 2022).