Types of mosquitoes

Types of mosquitoes

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Types of mosquitoes present in Italyand in the world. How many types of mosquitoes exist, which are the most dangerous and which are the species we find in Italy.

Themosquitoesthey are the nightmare of life in the open air in summer. Due to globalization we find ourselves hosting, in our territory, also "alien species" or "alien species". This is how a species is defined in biology which, due to human activity, finds itself colonizing a territory other than its natural habitat. Here is that among thetypes of mosquitoes present in Italycheck thetiger mosquito, korean and japanese. Let's start with these and then move on totypes of mosquito in the world.

Types of mosquitoes present in Italy

Mosquitoes hide wherever there is water. here are thetypes of mosquitothat we host on the Italian territory.

Common Mosquito

At one time, in Italy, there was only her, thereCulex pipiens. The common mosquito, light brown in color with barely noticeable streaks on the abdomen, is 7 - 8 mm long and concentrates its activity especially at night, when the sun goes down.

Tiger mosquito

Let's talk about the speciesAedes albopictus, even if the nightmare seems to be recent, theTiger mosquitoarrived in Italy in the early 1990s. It is assumed that it was transported to our country withincar tiresfilled with standing water.

It is smaller than the normal mosquito. It has a black body with white bands on the back and legs. It is more frequent in urban settlements than in rural areas. Its activity is concentrated during the daylight hours. The eggs of the tiger mosquito, unlike those of the common mosquito, are more resistant to dryness and cold.

Korean mosquito

The tiger mosquito and the common mosquito are not the only onestypes of mosquitoes present in Italy. Korea, in our country, is mainly widespread in four regions: Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trentino Alto Adige and Lombardy. If we do not act with a synergistic plan between the public and private sectors (municipalities and families), the Korean mosquito will soon spread throughout the peninsula.

It is the speciesAedes koreicus,even more resistant to cold than the tiger mosquito. Thanks to its resistance to low temperatures, it can also colonize hilly and mountain areas. The larvae can resist in water even at temperatures below 5 ° C.

Japanese mosquito

For now it is the latest arrival. It has been reported since 2015. The Japanese mosquito,Aedes japonicusit is very similar to the Korean one.

Unfortunately, Aedes japonicus is among themosquitoesmost invasive in the world. It is even more resistant to cold than the Korean mosquito. Its activity is concentrated in the daytime hours of the day and is able to adapt to the most diverse environments. In Italy, due to its ability to adapt, it has already won the nickname ofcountry mosquito.

To know how to eliminate mosquitoes and prevent them from settling in your garden, read my guide:how to defend yourself from mosquitoes.

Types of mosquitoes in the world

THEtypes of mosquitoes present in Italythey are of the genus Culex and Aedes. At one time, in our country, there were also Anopheles mosquitoes or malaria mosquitoes (Anopheles). Of the Anopheles mosquitoes, the gambiae type is an important vector of malaria once present also in our country, before a massive and important reclamation work.

The fight against Anopheles in Italy and around the world was mainly carried out with the use of "DDT" type insecticides. The consequence of the massive use of DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)it was tragic: on the one hand, the Anopheles mosquitoes developed resistance to the active ingredient and became immune to the insecticide and, on the other, the insecticide heavily polluted the environment.

Another very common mosquito and, fortunately, absent in Italy, is the Aedes aegypti mosquito. If Anopheles mosquitoes are identified as themalaria mosquitoes, the Aedes aegypti was nicknamed "yellow fever mosquito”Since it is the vector of this disease. Aedes aegypti is a vector agent of dengue, chikungunya, zika, yellow fever and also other diseases.

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In the first photo above, the Aedes japonicus mosquito (present in Italy). In the second photo, the Aedes aegypti mosquito (not present in Italy).

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