Hypertrichosis: symptoms and treatment

Hypertrichosis: symptoms and treatment

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Hypertrichosis, or the localized or generalized increase in body hair, not to be confused, as unfortunately usually happens, with hirsutism. If both involve body hair and often involve more women than men, they are two very different phenomena and require different treatments.

Hypertrichosis: causes

From birth, he can suffer from hypertrichosis, but it can also happen that this disorder starts after a few years, sometimes due to drug treatments, for example if we take minoxidil, cyclosporine and corticosteroids systemically or topically.

However, there are also different causes: undernutrition can lead to an increase in hair in localized areas, the same goes for anorexia and for paraneoplastic syndromes, for polycystic ovary syndrome and some metabolic diseases, porphyrias in the first place.

Then there are pathologies that among their symptoms include hypertrichosis, but they are diseases with many other even more serious symptoms. I mean for example traumatic brain injury, dermatomyositis, advanced HIV infection.

Even when they suffer repeated skin trauma or inflammation, signs of hypertrichosis may appear.

Hypertrichosis: symptoms

To describe the symptoms of hypertrichosis it is important to compare it with hirsutism and understand what the differences are. The latter, for example, focuses on areas of the body that are usually hairless, such as the face, lower abdomen, shoulders and back. Otherwise, hypertrichosis can extend anywhere, amplifying the presence of hair even where it is already present.

Hypertrichosis only in rare cases has hormonal origins, imbalances of this type are almost always the cause of hirsutism.

Female hypertrichosis

It affects women more than men, almost exclusively women, I would say, and in fact the causes are strictly related to the female sex. Polycystic ovary syndrome, ovarian or thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism and even anorexia nervosa that, even if it claims more and more victims also among men, it remains a predominantly female disease.

Male hypertrichosis

When there are men suffering from this disorder, the causes can be there'AIDS, Graves-Basedow's disease, porphyria and its late cutaneous form.

Hypertrichosis: children

Even children can show symptoms of hypertrichosis and this happens when it is congenital. Then you begin to notice an excess of hair from birth or childhood. Among the cases of hypertrichosis in children, we find those linked to rare family pathologies such as Ambras syndrome, also called werewolf syndrome.

Hypertrichosis: cures

To block and cure this disease it is necessary take action on what causes it. Self the reason is related to the intake of drugs, the hypothesis of suspending or replacing them together with a doctor should be considered. Certainly not alone. There are also people who resort to hair removal surgery such as for final laser hair removal.

Nutrition is also very important if you want to keep unwanted hair under control, diet recommended is the one rich in fruit and vegetables, always accompanied by regular physical activity.

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Video: Paraneoplastic syndromes -Detailed lecture - GSSE. USMLE. AMC. NEET (August 2022).