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Grow aubergines in pots or in the vegetable garden, the complete guide to obtaining large, regular aubergines with very productive plants. Manure, treatments and diseases.
Vegetables to be grown in July includeeggplant. Grow the eggplant it does not require special knowledge, some important indications are sufficient to make the aubergine plant productive and luxuriant.
The eggplant plants they take up a lot of space so if you plan to grow them on the terrace it is preferable to limit yourself to two or three plants. Therecultivation of eggplant in potsit is possible but requires some extra care.
The eggplantthey adapt well to conditions of temporary drought, but in any case it is good to prefer fresh and well-drained soils and irrigate often in order to obtain large and "Fleshy". Let's see in detail how to grow eggplant.
How to have large eggplants
To havelarge eggplants, you will have to choose a well exposed flower bed and you will have to remember to perform timely irrigation. Even a fertilizer can make a difference, especially if the soil has not been worked for a long time.
If you can, cultivate theeggplantclose to a wall or a railing, alternatively braces will be needed. Forhave large eggplants, follow the tips I will give you below!
Grow eggplant, the guide
Eggplant plants must be equipped with a stake, especially in windy places. The wind can break orto break downthe plants, then organized with wooden stakes, bamboo canes or ad hoc stakes, able to support the growth of the plant. The plant must be anchored to the stake with a tie.
The advice I will give you is valid for bothround eggplant, both for thelong eggplant.
The right terrain
Prepare the soil with medium-textured, fertile clay-based soil. If you want grow eggplant in pots, know that the universal soil that is sold in packages, is not good! Universal topsoil should be mixed with fertile field earth.
If you want growing aubergines in the vegetable garden, you can make changes to the ground. You can add sand if the soil is too clayey (you notice if it does not absorb water well and is prone to water stagnation). If you already have good soil in your garden, just do a deep tillage by burying 5 kg of mature manure for every square meter to be cultivated.
Sowing and transplanting period
When to grow eggplants?
If you start from the sowing the eggplant, sowing in March, trying to protect the sowing from the cold with a greenhouse or a seedbed. Sowing in March must be done maintaining a temperature around 25 degrees. When the first true leaves sprout on the seedlings and the night temperatures do not drop below 10 degrees, proceed with planting in the garden.
If you start from the plants already developed, you can transplant between the end of June and July if you live in the north, you can anticipate the transplant in mid - end of May, if you grow in southern Italy.
Distance between plants
Planting should be done by placing the seedlings about 50 cm away from each other, in rows 70-90 cm apart. You will also need to eliminate the yellow leaves to avoid the appearance of alternaria.
Irrigate the eggplant
Water abundantly especially if the summer is particularly hot and dry. The irrigations must be daily in case of cultivation of aubergines in pots.
Irrigation must be timely, especially during the fruit swelling phase so as to have large eggplantsand regular shape. Water greatly affects the size of aubergines.
During fruit development, keep the soil slightly moist, the ideal would be to continue with mulching. Be careful when watering the aubergines: never wet the leaves, so as not to favor the development of fungal diseases.
In summary: irrigate the plants every day, trying to maintain constant soil moisture. Wet the soles on the foot without moistening the aerial part.
Caring for eggplant plants
To obtain swollen fruits, water and fertilizers must not be lacking, especially when the plant is grown in pots.
If in the past you have had problems with powdery mildew or other fungal diseases on Solanaceae (potatoes, aubergines, tomatoes, chillies, peppers, Goji berries ...), I recommend that you carry out preventive treatments with copper sulphate, so as to avoid aubergine diseases such as phoma, sclerotignosis and powdery mildew.
Not plant the eggplant in the vicinity of the potato and do not grow in the usual spot for more than two consecutive years.
Against aphids you can use nettle macerate. As stated, if the plant grows too much, use a brace to support the stem.
Theeggplant plantsthey can produce fruit until autumn. In southern Italy, the temperatures allow for harvests until October - November!
To support high production withlarge eggplants, fertilize the soil with slow release fertilizer. Use a nitrogen-based fertilizer, able to act for several months in a row so as to fertilize only once.
Among the various market proposals I recommend the use of nitrogen-based fertilizer in sticks (slow release). On Amazon, this fertilizer is offered at a price of 4.66 euros with free shipping costs. I use it not only for eggplants but for most green plants. For all information, I refer you to the product sheet:slow release fertilizer in sticks.
Collect the eggplant
For harvesting, do not wait for the fruit to ripen too much, to prevent it from becoming inedible when emptying excessively. When to harvest eggplant?Eggplants are harvested when the skin loses its luster and tends to become opaque. At this stage of ripeness the pulp is elastic and notspongy. Late oncollectedit is risky: you may find yourself an eggplant rich in seeds and with brown / black streaks.
Growing aubergines on the balcony
The most suitable quality for grow eggplants in pots is the "Slim Jim", its 10 cm long fruits grow in clusters of 5-6. Upon reaching 5-6 cm in length, the eggplant they can be collected and preserved in oil or vinegar. They are already very cute miniature eggplants, but not suitable for roasting. You can also grow classic varieties but in pots the brace is a must. For all the info: potted aubergines.